Phrasal verbs are extremely common in English. That is why teachers are so keen to teach them even to beginners. One of the first phrasal verbs that students of English learn is take off, meaning ‘to remove something, often a piece of clothing’:
I was hot so I took my jacket off.
Students also learn early on the aeroplane sense of the same phrasal verb, meaning ‘to begin to fly’:
Twenty minutes later, the plane took off.
Note that this sense is intransitive, meaning that it has no object.
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